Indian fisheries and aquaculture is an important sector
of food production, providing nutritional security to the
food basket, contributing to the agricultural exports and
engaging about fourteen million people in different activities.
With diverse resources ranging from deep seas to lakes in
the mountains and more than 10% of the global biodiversity
in terms of fish and shellfish species, the country has
shown continuous and sustained increments in fish production
since independence. Constituting about 6.3% of the global
fish production, the sector contributes to 1.1% of the GDP
and 5.15% of the agricultural GDP. The total fish
production of 10.07 million metric tonnes presently has nearly
from the inland sector and nearly the same from culture
fisheries. Paradigm shifts in terms of increasing contributions
from inland sector and further from aquaculture are significations
over the years. With high growth rates, the different facets
of marine fisheries, coastal aquaculture, inland fisheries,
freshwater aquaculture, coldwater fisheries to food, health,
economy, exports, employment and tourism of the country.
Development Agencies (FFDAs) and 39 Brackishwater Fish Farms Development Agencies (BFDAs) for promoting freshwater and coastal aquaculture. The annual carp seed production is to the tune of 25 billion and that of shrimp about 12 billion, with increasing diversification in the recent past. Along with food fish culture, ornamental fish culture and high value fish farming are gaining importance in the recent past. With over 2.4 lakh fishing crafts operating in the coast, six major fishing harbours, 62 minor fishing harbours and 1511 landing centres are functioning to cater to the needs of over 3.9 million fisherfolk.
Fish and fish products have presently emerged as the largest group in agricultural exports of India, with 10.51 lakh tonnes in terms of quantity and Rs.33,442 crores in value.
This accounts for around 10% of the total exports of the country and nearly 20% of the agricultural exports. More than 50 different types of fish and shellfish products are exported to 75 countries around the world.
3rd in Fisheries 2nd in Aquaculture
|Contribution of Fisheries to GDP (%)||
|Contribution to Agril. GDP (%)||
|Per capita fish availability (Kg.)||
|Annual Export earnings (Rs. In Crore)||
|Employment in sector (million)||
|Exclusive Economic Zone||2.02 million sq. km|
|Continental Shelf||0.506 million sq. km|
|Rivers and Canals||1,91,024 km|
|Reservoirs||3.15 million ha|
|Ponds and Tanks||2.35 million ha|
|Oxbow lakes and derelict waters||1.3 million ha|
|Brackishwaters||1.24 million ha|
|Estuaries||0.29 million ha|
|Present fish Production||6.4 mmt|
|Potential fish production||8.4 mmt|
|Fish seed production||21,000 million fry|