Fisheries and Aquaculture constitute an important economic activity, with a vast potential for sustainably exploiting a wide variety of inland and marine fisheries resources in the country. Currently there is a shift in emphasis from capture fisheries to culture-based capture fisheries and from semi-intensive to intensive aquaculture and from empirical farming to knowledge-based farming.
In above context, NFDB has been implementing some key projects on emerging and innovative areas such as Cage Culture, Recirculation Aquaculture System (RAS), Bio-floc Technology (BFT), Quality Seed Production, and Value Chain Development etc., primarily aiming at environmental sustainability, ensuring supply of certified inputs (seed, feed, etc.), better management practices, traceability, hygienic handling, processing and value-addition in a certified plant, shipping, and delivery of wholesome products to consumers etc. In order to prevent inbreeding, genetic deterioration and poor growth, NFDB targeted to replace 1/3rd of normal seed with that of Jayanti Rohu, Improved Catla and Amur Common Carp, which is about 500 crore spawn, by providing One-time Inputs Cost through NFFBB, Bhubaneswar.
In case of marine sector, brood-stock development, hatchery technology, seed rearing and Sea Cage Farming of high-value marine fishes such as Cobia, Silver Pompano, Seabass and Groupers are being promoted at various locations along both the coasts of India.
Training, skill development and capacity building have been an integral part of fisheries development with an average of about 25,000 fish farmers being trained per annum.
Above all, an important and latest happening is that Government of India approved the “Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) with an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores spreading over 5 years, laying emphasis on bringing about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India by addressing critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernisation and strengthening of value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
Hence, with a well-defined roadmap envisioned for the coming years, NFDB is looking forward to an exciting journey ahead.